Guard

Guard is where your opponent has their legs around you.

There are many variations of the guard, this page will just cover the absolute basics.
If his/her feet are crossed, then this is closed guard

Open legs – open guard.

Tips for Guard Top

Keep low or high
Don’t be stuck in no-man’s land.
Either have your head flat on his chest, or your head right up, and your back straight.

Watch your arms – if he gets wrist control, he may try and push your arm back and go for a triangle choke.

Opening & Passing Guard

One of the fundamentals of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, is passing and maintaining guard.

Here is BJ Penn showing a basic (but effective) guard pass

 

There are many guard passes for open and closed guards.

A key point is to keep your hips lined up if you are on bottom. If the top guy shifts his hips to the side, you must do the same, unless you’re looking for a specific submission.

Stacking your opponent is a good hack for beginners.  Have you legs wide so you can’t get ankle-picked and swept onto your back. It’s not ‘very nice’ but I like to drive my head into the guy’s jaw to confuse him even more, before looking to pass.

 

To prevent your guard being passed, you must fight for grips – look for ‘2 points of control’ like a head a wrist, and an overhook and wrist control etc.  You must practice fighting for grips.

Common Submissions from Guard Bottom

Beginners can practice these submissions, but don’t expect to pull them off straight away.
Practice scrambling back to guard or top position if your submission fails.
Triangle Choke

 

The best escape I have found from triangle is ‘answering the phone’ with your trapped hand – by placing your trapped hand on your ear.
Then attempt to place your head on the mat, on the opposite side to your trapped arm.
Drive upwards and forwards and sprawl your legs back.
Arm Bar from Guard

The best defence for an armbar from guard is to drive into your opponent so that he can’t extend his hips.

Sweeps from Guard Bottom

Chest to Chest Sweep

My favourite technique from guard

Scissor Sweep