You are in your opponent’s guard when your opponent has their legs around you.
You are in guard, when you opponent is in between your legs.
You are in closed guard when your feet are crossed
You are in open guard when your feet are apart
You are in butterfly guard when your feet are in between your opponent’s legs, rather than behind his/her back.
There are many variations of the guard, this page will just cover the absolute basics.
If his/her feet are crossed, then this is closed guard
Open legs – open guard.
Tips for Guard Top – When you are in guard, on top
Keep low or high
Don’t be stuck in no man’s land.
Either have your head flat on his chest, or your head right up, and your back straight.
Watch your arms – if he gets wrist control, he may try and push your arm back and go for a triangle choke.
Opening & Passing Guard
One of the fundamentals of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, is passing and maintaining guard.
Here is BJ Penn showing a basic (but effective) guard pass
There are many guard passes for open and closed guards.
A key point is to keep your hips lined up if you are on bottom. If the top guy shifts his hips to the side, you must do the same, unless you’re looking for a specific submission.
Stacking your opponent is a good hack for beginners. Have you legs wide so you can’t get ankle-picked and swept onto your back. It’s not ‘very nice’ but I like to drive my head into the guy’s jaw to confuse him even more, before looking to pass.
To prevent your guard being passed, you must fight for grips – look for ‘2 points of control’ like a head a wrist, and an overhook and wrist control etc. You must practice fighting for grips.
Common Submissions from Guard Bottom
Beginners can practice these submissions, but don’t expect to pull them off straight away.
Practice scrambling back to guard or top position if your submission fails.
The best escape I have found from triangle is ‘answering the phone’ with your trapped hand – by placing your trapped hand on your ear.
Then attempt to place your head on the mat, on the opposite side to your trapped arm.
Drive upwards and forwards and sprawl your legs back.
Arm Bar from Guard
The best defence for an armbar from guard is to drive into your opponent so that he can’t extend his hips.
Sweeps from Guard Bottom
Chest to Chest Sweep
My favourite technique from guard